~ Newtown Borough

Newtown Churches

...situated on a small branch of the Neshaminy, ten miles north-west of Bristol

By an Act of Assembly, passed the 20th of March, 1724, (Newtown) became the county seat in place of Bristol, an honour which it held until 1812, when the courts and public offices were removed to Doylestown, a more central location.

Newtown was one of the earliest settlements, the township from which it derives its name having been formed as early as 1686. The Presbyterian church was founded about 1734, and a new house rebuilt in 1769. While the American army were guarding the Delaware from Coryell's Ferry to Bristol, in 1776, General Washington had his headquarters at Newtown. 1,2

Newtown Borough was erected into a borough from part of central southern Newtown Township and incorporated under the Act of Assembly of April 16, 1838. (Place Names of Bucks County)

 The County Seat

It is questionable whether the selection of Bristol as the seat of justice was wise. The borough was certainly not destined to long retain the seat of local government, and when, in 1718, the assembly passed an act authorizing the erection of a new house of correction, the people who had gradually pushed the line of settlements to the upper limits of the present county boundaries began to protest against the expenditure of any more of the public money in a way that was likely to prevent an early removal of the seat of justice to a more central position. The house of correction was not erected, and the movement which begun in protest finally assumed the form of a demand for the removal of the county seat to Newtown. It was represented that a great number of the inhabitants of the county were settled many miles back of Bristol, which rendered their attendance upon the courts " inconvenient and burdensome to the people living so remote." It was represented also that the " township of Newtown was near the centre of the inhabited part of the said county, and if a court-house and prison were erected in the said township it would be very commodious and much for the ease of the inhabitants of the said county in general." These representations were brought to the attention of the general assembly, which passed, on the 24th of March, 1724, " An act to enable Jeremiah Langhorne,.William Biles, Joseph Kirkbride, Jun.,Thomas Watson, practitioner in physick, and Abraham Chapman to build a new court-house and prison in the county of Bucks." These persons, or any three of them, were authorized to purchase land and erect the buildings according to their own judgment, but at an expense not to exceed three hundred pounds. Accordingly, in July of the following year, five acres of land, in the township of Newtown, were purchased of John Walley.

History of Bucks County J.H. Battle


  • USGenWeb Archives Project - Bucks County
  • Philadelphia Area Archives Research Portal - University of Pennsylvania
    • Creator: Newtown Historic Association (Newtown, Bucks County, Pa.)
      Title: Newtown Historic Association photograph collection
      Date: circa 1870-2013
      Call Number: 04
      Extent: 38.5 Linear feet
      Language: English
      Abstract: Newtown, the county seat of Bucks County from 1726 to 1813, is one of the most historic areas in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. The Newtown Historic Association photograph collection, circa 1870-2013, consists of roughly 15,000 original photographs organized by subject and format. Some of the subjects documented include agriculture, events, parks, people, streets, organizations, schools, and businesses. Special formats include large-format photographs, panoramas, tintypes, and glass plate negatives.
      Finding Aid's Permanent URL:


Page last updated: August 24, 2021

ABRAHAM LINCOLN (1864) 2nd Inaugural

With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds; to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan - to do all which may achieve a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. 


A Timeline of Bucks County History - Mercer Museum PDF


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Nancy C. Janyszeski All rights reserved.     Information submitted remains, to the extent the laws allows, the property of the submitter who by submitting it agrees that it may be freely copied, but never sold or used in a commercial venture without the knowledge and permission of the rightful owners.   

This website was created as a guide to the history and genealogy of Bucks County Pennsylvania. All efforts have been made to be accurate and to document sources. Some of the material has been contributed and published, with permission, in good faith. All effort has been made to be accurate as possible, and to refer to sources used. If you see an error, please let me know. This website was designed to be informative, a guide to Bucks County history and genealogical research, and hopefully fun. I can't guarantee that all the data is accurate.

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September 15, 2021